Imaging a future where every device you own and every object surrounding you will be connected to the Internet. The Internet of Things (IoT) is exactly that, which is defined as “the complete computerization of everything in our life and autonomously interacting with each other”. According to The Globe and Mail, by 2020 there will be 21 billion of data-spouting devices connected to the Internet, comparing to a 6.4 billion this year. This is because IoT seems to meet the needs of customers, who have long been waiting for devices used to make lives as simple as possible.
However, with the transition to everything being connected to the Internet, it comes with the potential threat of cyber-attack. In details, vulnerabilities presenting in the IoT have long been a concern for cyber security experts and are now reaching the public which is purchasing the devices. At a recent CyberTech conference, some analyst expressed that the IoT is the perfect target for a cyber-attack and also emphasized that the more devices become computerized, the more things can be hacked and compromised.
Taking the case of Mirai malware in October this year to be an example, PCWorld has announced that the source code for a trojan program that infected hundreds of thousands of IOT devices and used them to launch distributed denial-of-service (DDOS) attacks has been published online, paving the way for more such botnets. As a result, around 493,000 IoT devices have been affected by this malware, according to Level 3 Communications. In other words, although the IOT has the potential to create numerous benefits for businesses and consumers in terms of big data and new levels of automation, it also creates new vectors for cyber-attacks.
According to HP report, when personal information including a user’s name, address, and date of birth, health information and even credit card numbers is shared with these mobile apps, the privacy concern is increased. That’s true for mobile apps in general, but because personal data is often being spread out across a greater number of devices in the IOT, there is higher risk of that information leaking out. The explanation that IOT becomes vulnerable to cyberattacks is attributed to the same reasons that any Internet connected system would be vulnerable to attack: outdated software, weak passwords, incorrect configurations, and/or malware infection.
Therefore, this issues leads to the need to integrate sophisticated technology such as biometrics with IOT devices. In details, biometric IOT systems have ability to provide accuracy and security that brings numerous benefits. Apparently personal traits scanned by biometrics are difficult to lose, forget or copy. For this reason, it is considered to be safer and more secure than other traditional IOT devices. Currently fingerprint currently dominates the mainstream biometric modality of many IOT systems but as biometric technology has evolved, many end users are choosing biometric readers such as palm vein, face and iris recognition as their procedure of choice due to the inherent benefits that are included such as lower lase acceptance and false rejection rates.